Dog Food Types
Dog foods generally fall into the category of wet, dry, raw, complete or complimentary.
These are foods with a high moisture content. They are usually cooked at high temperatures to sterilize them and are then sealed under pressure (although not always). These include cans, foil trays and pouches and the contents include chunks in gravy, chunks in jelly and meatloaf formats. Frozen or chilled pet foods in bags are also available.
Dry foods are probably the easiest way of feeding your pet. These are foods that have low moisture content. They include extruded foods (shaped pellets or kibbles), flake foods (flaked cereals) and biscuits/mixers. These are often packed in bags, but biscuits which are to be offered as treats may be packed in smaller boxes. Dry foods still contain meat – which may be added in a fresh or dried state. Dry food may be offered dry, or owners may wish to add water or gravy to the food, depending on the manufacturer’s instructions.
Cold pressed foods are still relatively new on the scene but are growing in popularity. They present all of the advantages of more conventional dry food processing but without the potentially damaging high temperatures. Ingredients do, however, still have to be dried and ground before pressing and some, like grains, also have to be pre-cooked so there is a certain level of processing, but the final stage is certainly a lot less intensive than extrusion.
Raw products are available in frozen or freeze-dried formats. Raw pet food products can be complete or complementary. There are a multitude of different types of raw food and you do need to be quite a bit more organised if you are planning to feed your pet on it.
These dog foods are nutritionally complete, providing all the nutrients in the amounts and proportions your dog needs. Only complete dog foods are suitable for daily feeding without adding further food products. There is a huge variety of complete dog foods available to owners and they all aim to meet the nutritional needs of dogs.
>> See our range of complete wet dog foods
>> See our range of complete dry dog foods
These foods are designed to be only a part of the diet and they do not meet the known nutritional requirements when fed alone. They must be fed along with an additional food type such as mixer biscuits. Some complementary foods are referred to as treats and can be fed to your dog in moderation. Some raw manufacturers produce complementary food, which is intended to be mixed with other products to make a complete meal.
All complete and complementary foods are labelled as such with appropriate feeding guidelines.
>> See our range of complimentary dog foods
SO MUCH CHOICE..
We understand that the choice of foods available for dogs can be bewildering and we are always happy to advise on the types of dog food available. We have a good selection to suit all food types and budgets. If you are making a choice based on the price of a food, try to base it on a cost-per-day rather than the initial price of a bag of food. Cheaper foods have lower levels of nutrition so you may feed more of it per serving.
Ultimately, the choice of wet or dry or raw is with the owner depending on what they view as the best pet food for their pet.
Many pet owners will generally choose food on the basis of how much it costs, whether their pet likes it or not, and according to their own interpretation of what their pet will enjoy. Many choose to ‘mix and match’ foods at each meal.
Whichever diet you choose, please follow the feeding guidelines. Remember these are intended as a guide and you may need to adjust the amount you feed depending on a number of factors including age, size, level of activity etc.
Good hygiene practice is always important when handling your pet’s food - in the same way that it applies when handling human food.
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